In recent decades, the plight of the environment in the aftermath of years of human use has come to the forefront as a major current issue. There is now widespread awareness of the threat to the environment and the consequences of global climate change. As a result, there is a movement for conservation and the development of sustainable practices and technologies. One environmentally friendly practice is environmental remediation, which involves the cleanup of toxins, contaminants and pollution in the environment. It is practiced by government agencies, private remediation services Boston MA and individual companies. There are different kinds of remediation based on the environmental media. Here are four of them:
- Remediation of Soil
Soil remediation is the removal of dangerous or toxic substances and chemicals like heavy metals and hydrocarbons from soil. Bioremediation with microbes, encapsulation and thermal remediation are examples of soil remediation techniques. Remediation of soil helps keep crops, animals, ecosystems and humans healthy since crops can absorb bad materials from the dirt, which are then passed on to those who eat the crops.
- Remediation of Surface Water
Surface water includes lakes, ponds and rivers. Because it is exposed, surface water is easily contaminated and serves as an easy habitat for harmful pathogens and microbial species like E. coli. Humans can become ill from contact with polluted surface water. Remediation of surface water can be done through bioremediation, direct removal or other tactics.
- Remediation of Groundwater
Groundwater can also be harmful to humans when filled with harmful substances. Runoff filled with fertilizers, metals and chemicals from farms and industrial plants can cause groundwater contamination, as can seepage through the ground from toxic waste dumping. Groundwater remediation utilizes the same techniques as surface water remediation.
- Remediation of Sediment
Both soil and water remediation are used in sediment remediation. This is necessary for pollution in sediment that has pooled at the bottom of a water body.
Remediation is necessary to keep the land clean and safe. It preserves countless plant, animal and human lives.